Legal challenger

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COVID-19 kills elderly, haunts the young in Indonesia

first_imgAs Indonesia continues to report hundreds of new COVID-19 cases daily, the government appears to be preparing for the “new normal” by allowing people aged 44 years and below to work outside their homes despite mobility restrictions to contain the epidemic.COVID-19 task force head Doni Monardo triggered criticism after he said last week that the age group in question had a lower fatality rate at 15 percent and was less vulnerable than the elderly. Even so, State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) Minister Erick Thohir issued a circular days later, setting out an example of a “new normal” scenario that entails a plan to allow SOE employees under 45 years of age to return to their offices starting on May 25, albeit with several precautions. The above figures do not include hundreds of fatalities among suspected patients reported by local administrations.Soedarsono, the senior pulmonologist and the head of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases at the COVID-19 referral hospital Dr. Soetomo in Surabaya, East Java, said fatalities were indeed more common among the elderly with comorbidity factors, but there had also been cases of young adults with such factors succumbing to the disease.”Young patients aged between 30 and 40 years have died as well, mostly because of underlying health conditions. Young people without such conditions have a higher chance of recovering. The most common conditions are hypertension, heart disease and diabetes,” he told The Jakarta Post on Saturday.Read also: COVID-19: Govt to allow people under 45 to work outside to prevent more layoffsSome patients with such conditions might develop complications, and treating these complications was often difficult even after they were cleared of the virus, Soedarsono said.The task force’s data collected from 585 patients show that half of them had underlying conditions, such as hypertension (52.9 percent), diabetes (33.8 percent) or heart disease (20.5 percent). Others include pulmonary and respiratory diseases, cancer, asthma, immune disorders, liver disease and tuberculosis.Around 20.9 percent of the patients with hypertension died, while the death rate for those with diabetes is 15.9 percent, for those with heart disease is 10.1 percent and for those with other conditions in question is below 5 percent.Noncommunicable diseases account for the largest burden on Indonesia’s deficit-stricken National Health Insurance (JKN) — being the cause of 66 percent of morbidity and mortality in 2015, up from about 37 percent in 1990, according to a 2016 World Bank report.While the prevalence of the noncommunicable diseases is indeed higher among the elderly than other age groups, as shown by the 2018 Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas), a growing number of younger people are suffering from such diseases. They were at a heightened risk when exposed to the coronavirus, said epidemiologist Dicky Budiman.Read also: ‘Puskesmas’ move up to COVID-19 front lines amid overburdened health systemThe Riskesdas shows that the prevalence of hypertension in the 35-44 age group is 31.6 percent, in the 25-34 age group it is 20.1 percent and in the 18-24 age group it is 13.2 percent. The prevalence of diabetes and heart disease among the 35-44-year olds is 1.1 percent and 1.3 percent, respectively.”The government’s policy to allow people [below] 45 years to work should not apply generally to everyone in that age group. Not everyone in the age group will be safe [if infected],” Dicky said.The stigma surrounding COVID-19, which was “almost worse than with HIV”, coupled with inadequate testing, would likely affect how people sought help, forcing them to only show up at hospitals when it was already too late to treat them, he said.Indonesia has seen 1,148 fatalities in less than three months since it recorded the first two confirmed cases in early March. The tally of confirmed cases rose to 17,514 nationwide on Sunday.Pulmonologist Soedarsono said he believed there were many undetected cases, given the considerably high fatality rate. He cautioned against complacency among young people as even medical professionals still had much to learn about the new virus.He said his teaching hospital was beginning to study possible blood clotting in COVID-19 patients, including in younger people, after studies in several countries found that some patients had developed dangerous blood clots.”With COVID-19 patients, oftentimes there’s incompatibility between patients’ complaints and analyses of lungs, thorax or blood tests. This sometimes makes doctors wonder,” he said.Topics : Data updated daily by the task force show that people aged 60 and above account for 44.2 percent of the deaths as of Sunday, followed by people aged between 46 and 59 years old at 39.8 percent, while those aged 45 and below make up the remaining 16 percent.This is despite data on the distribution of cases showing that the 60-and-above age group only accounts for 16.2 percent of total infections, while the 46-to-59 group accounts for 28.7 percent and those aged 45 and below contribute the majority at 55.1 percent.The task force said no clear age information was available for 9.3 percent of the infected patients.last_img read more

Corruption risk to Indonesia’s infrastructure push: Experts

first_imgCorruption has become one of the risks to the President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo administration’s push to develop Indonesia’s infrastructure to help boost economic growth, experts have said following several arrests of a state-owned construction company’s former employees for alleged embezzlement.A monopoly by state-owned enterprises (SOEs) weakens the companies’ good corporate governance as it is a certainty that they will get the infrastructure projects as mandated by the government, anti-graft watchdog Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW) coordinator Adnan Topan Husodo said on Friday.“The second risk is in the sub-contracting practices as the appointment is prone to corruption,” he said. “Moreover, [infrastructure construction deals] are contracts between government institutions and state companies, which often have vague punishment clauses.” On Thursday, the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) announced that it had detained five former employees of state-owned construction company PT Waskita Karya for alleged appropriations for several fictitious projects between 2009 and 2015 that caused about Rp 202 billion (US$13.89 million) in state losses.Public Works and Housing Ministry infrastructure financing director general Eko “Heri” Djoeli Heripoerwanto stressed on Saturday that the company remained committed to completing its remaining projects despite the probe, although he refused to comment on the case.Waskita Karya corporate secretary Shastia Hardiati did not respond to the Post’s requests for comments.Waskita is not the first state-owned company embroiled in a corruption case. In 2018, the KPK named state-owned construction firm PT Nindya Karya a suspect over alleged corruption during the construction of Sabang port in Aceh. Infrastructure development has become Jokowi’s economic policy centerpiece during his terms in office as shown in the huge increase in state budget allocation for the cause. The government has increased its infrastructure allocation by 57.3 percent to Rp 423.3 trillion between 2016 and 2020.The government is also betting on infrastructure to boost economic recovery amid the COVID-19 health crisis as Coordinating Economic Affairs Minister Airlangga Hartarto announced the addition of 89 new projects worth an estimated Rp 1.422 quadrillion in investment to the existing 223 national strategic projects.However, corruption has been rampant in such projects as the government usually directly appoints state companies to construct the infrastructure.Read also: Former Waskita Karya officials arrested for alleged embezzlementThe KPK’s 2019 annual report revealed that the agency carried out 26 investigations into suspects linked to state-owned construction companies, the Public Works and Housing Ministry and public works agencies in several regions in Indonesia in the year.“With their large project budgets and varying stakeholders, infrastructure projects are extremely prone to corrupt practices,” Center of Reform on Economics (CORE) director Mohammad Faisal said on Friday.He also warned that corruption could dissuade investors from participating in the projects as the government was betting on the Public Private Partnership (PPP) scheme to fund its infrastructure development.“Reputable private entities will only want to cooperate with their partners, in this case the government, if they trust their track record,” he said. “Investors frown upon a shady deal as it can lead them into legal trouble and take away some of their profit as they need to pay government kickbacks.”The National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) has estimated that the country will need infrastructure investment worth $429.7 billion, equal to 6.1 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), between 2020 and 2024. The government can only finance 30 percent of the infrastructure projects using the state budget.Infrastructure projects could also lose their main function as a support system for economic growth if the projects have poor planning and are completed below standards as a result of corruption despite a gigantic budget, Faisal said.“Infrastructure projects must be done in accordance with procedure, from planning, tender and implementation to maintenance, in order to ensure their role in empowering the economy,” he said.“We have to connect infrastructure to the region’s economic priority sector. If there is no connection, the infrastructure will not have any impact on the growth of the local economy,” Faisal added.Indonesia’s infrastructure ranked 72nd out of 141 countries, according to the World Economic Forum’s 2019 Global Competitiveness Index. Indonesia’s road connectivity was the worst performing aspect, ranking 109th with a score of 59.8 out of 100.Overall, Indonesia’s global competitive rank slipped five positions from the previous year to 50th, far below Singapore (1st), Malaysia (27th) and Thailand (40th).Topics : read more

8 Reasons that People Cheat on Their Partners

first_img Share When does extramarital friendship cross the line over to infidelity? According to You May Call it Cheating But We Don’t, it’s fine to veer once in a while from the relationship straight and narrow. This first-person true story raises a whole set of related questions: Is kissing enough to change a friendship into an affair? Should the partner be told about this? If the kissing progresses farther, at what point is the affair likely to threaten each person’s marriage or primary relationship. According to author Amy Calhoun, it’s fine to kiss a friend without putting the marriage in jeopardy. It’s fine to kiss a few people. In fact, attraction to other people seemed to her to be a normal aspect of marriage, even happy marriages.The questions raised by this story led me to wonder just how frequent it is that happily married spouses either fantasize about or actually follow up on the impulse to express their attraction to someone outside the marriage. Researchers on marriage and the family don’t have one definition of infidelity, nor do the people they study. According to a review by Utah State University researcher Sarah Tulane and her associates, infidelity is associated with higher rates of divorce. However, like Calhoun, many happily married couples admit to infidelity and never get divorced.Rates of reported infidelity hover around 13 to 10% across adulthood, with the peak of 20% occurring for couples in their 40s (far lower than the 40-76% cited by Calhoun). Those who discover their partner’s unfaithfulness regard the experience as “shattering,” and believe that it signals the end of the marriage. If the relationship is going to recover, the cheating partner must admit to feeling guilty and remorseful. People who have affairs but don’t get divorced are happiest in their marriage if they remain together because they love each other, not because there are barriers to the divorce (such as children or finances). Strongly held religious beliefs might prevent partners from seeking a divorce and may therefore be a barrier. However, couples may also use their religion to help get through the difficulties of dealing with the infidelity. Recognizing that infidelity is a symptom of an unhappy marriage can lead a couple to patch things up and grow closer.We know that some people cheat on their spouses, but the question is why do they take such emotional and practical risks? In a survey conducted by Loras College psychologist Julia Omarzu and colleagues, people currently or recently engaged in an extra-marital affair were asked to report on their emotional experiences during the affair. The participants were obtained from a non-random source, namely a website directed toward adults who engage in marital infidelity. Thus, the results don’t generalize to the cheating world in general. However, the findings were nevertheless informative. Of the 77 participants who responded (22 men and 55 women, ages 23-63), 73% were currently married. The number of extramarital affairs they reported ranged from 1 to 22, with an average of about 4, and most of these were ongoing relationships rather than one-night stands, lasting more than 1 year and, in some cases, as long as 5. They were most likely to contact each other by cellphone, meeting mainly at hotels, one partner’s home, work, or in cars. Nearly two-thirds of all affairs had ended on friendly terms, with as many as one-half of them staying in touch on friendly terms.With these basic facts in mind, let’s see why participants said they engaged in these relationships (I’ll summarize them more specifically later). The most frequent two reasons- you guessed it- had to do with sex. They either felt their marriage was sexually satisfying, or they wished to have more sex than they were having now. The next two reasons reflect emotional needs. Participants reported that they weren’t emotionally satisfied in their current relationship or wished to gain additional emotional connection or validation. The least frequent reasons for engaging in affairs had to do with love- either falling out of love with their partner or falling in love with the new partner. For the most part, these findings corresponded to previous work on motivation for extramarital affairs – namely, that partners cheat on their spouses primarily for sex, emotional sustenance, or love. Two additional categories not seen in previous research appeared in this online study, though, perhaps reflecting the nature of the sample. One was “revenge sex.” People seeking an affair for this reason were trying to get back at their own partners who had already cheated on them. Again, this seems understandable, particularly given the nature of the website, in which people deliberately seek out an extramarital partner. The researchers were surprised to find that nearly 20% of the married people in the sample were into “sensation seeking,” meaning they were curious or just bored. Now we know why people engaged in extramarital affairs, but the question is – how did they feel once they were in them? Were they as placid and unperturbed as the protagonist in our story? As it turns out, the participants felt the full gamut from positive to negative emotions. On the positive side, people who cheated for sexual reasons tended to be emotionally satisfied with the outcome. They also felt more energetic about life in general and felt that they were becoming emotionally more open. The price they paid for feeling more alive and open were guilt, shame, and disappointment. The unfaithful weren’t disappointed with themselves, but with the partners (for not making them more satisfied) and with the fact that the affair didn’t bring them as much satisfaction as they thought it would. Anxiety over being caught, fear of abandonment by the extra-marital partner, jealousy, and depression were other undesirable emotions. However, a surprising number of participants said they felt no negative emotions at all. You’re probably wondering whether men and women differed in their reasons for and reactions to extramarital affairs. Because the gender distribution was so unbalanced, conclusions about sex differences are very hard to draw. Although Omarzu and her fellow researchers reported a fair number of statistically significant differences, they concluded that the women they recruited “in many respects responded similarly to men” (p. 161). In fact, they believe that “assumptions based on gender may not always hold true” (p. 161). Anyone, male or female, can feel that sex or emotional intimacy are missing from their relationship, and therefore seek either or both in an affair. These findings confirm what we already know about the differences, or lack of, between men and women in their sexual desires.The findings also show that a substantial group of people who engage in extramarital affairs are pretty good at shifting the responsibility away from themselves. Many claimed that the decision to enter into the affair was a mutual one, that their affairs were justified, and that they felt no guilt.However, the extramarital relationships tended to be relatively long-term, and the participants treated them as important. Though a substantial number felt no guilt at all, the majority did experience guilt and anxiety, even those who engaged in multiple affairs.If you are, or have considered, entering into an extramarital affair, see which of these reasons are highest on your list and why. For each reason, I’ve gone into more detail on what participants in the Omarzu et al study actually said (obviously all identifying information had been deleted).1. Lack of sexual satisfaction in your primary relationship. This was the most common reason cited by individuals in the Omarzu study. Recall that the large majority of the sample were women. Both women and men who enter into affairs are hoping to improve their sex lives. They may enjoy many other mutual activities but, for whatever reason, the sex is not working out for them.2. Desire for additional sexual encounters. This was a relatively infrequent reason cited by the individuals in this study. It’s possible that more people had this as a reason but didn’t want to admit to it as it is not a very socially desirable wish to articulate. For example, one man in the study stated that he felt he needed more sex in his life to reward him for performing well at his job.3. Lack of emotional satisfaction in your primary relationship. Seeking emotional intimacy can be nearly as compelling a reason to have an affair as can seeking physical intimacy. Participants who stated the need for emotional closeness in an affair felt they were lacking a connection to their primary partners.4. Wanting emotional validation from someone else. Being appreciated is a key factor in the emotional connection that partners feel toward each other. Partners may grow apart and, as they do, fail to acknowledge the needs that both have in their relationship.5. Falling out of love with your partner. This was a relatively insignificant reason in the Omarzu study, perhaps because “love” is so difficult to define. In the grand scheme of things, having sexual and emotional intimacy seems to trump love.6. Falling in love with someone new. Very few people indicated that they had fallen head over heels for the person with whom they had the affair. Again, emotional intimacy plus sexual closeness seems to be a more important factor that leads partners to stray.7. Your wanting to seek revenge. In a relationship that is already suffering, the desire to hurt a partner who is (or is perceived as) cheating seems to raise the stakes significantly from mere lack of intimacy. Hollywood enjoys exploiting this category (think “American Beauty”), but in reality very few participants cited this as the main cause of their affairs.8. You’re curious and want new experiences. People who cited this reason felt that they wanted something new, this motivation went beyond curiosity and into some type of contest to measure their sexual prowess. It might have been less complicated for them to compete on the tennis court or golf course, but the allure of someone and something new led them to choose this particular form of challenge.Extramarital affairs clearly represent a complex mix of desire, anguish, and need for connection. Rarely are they apparently entered into without conflict or even distress. They may be the product of, or the cause of, the ending of a marital relationship. Happy couples may decide to experiment and, as Calhoun observed, find that their marriages survive intact if not improved. However, as shown in these studies, it’s a risky venture, not one for the faint at heart.Psychology Today Share Share LifestyleRelationships 8 Reasons that People Cheat on Their Partners by: – October 14, 2014center_img 682 Views   no discussions Tweet Sharing is caring!last_img read more

Andersen, Badgers preparing team for two-quarterback offense

first_imgComing off a bye week, Wisconsin football head coach Gary Andersen and his team are already preparing for the two-quarterback system used by No. 19 Northwestern as the Badgers (3-2, 1-1 Big Ten) will take on the Wildcats (4-1, 1-1 Big Ten) Saturday at Camp Randall.The Badgers had the week off after falling to No. 4 Ohio State, 31-24 Sept. 28. In the week leading up to the game with the Buckeyes, Andersen repeatedly said it didn’t matter which of Ohio State’s dual-threat quarterbacks the team faced on game day.However, Andersen took a different approach when discussing the threat of facing the tandem of the Wildcats’ senior quarterback Kain Colter and junior quarterback Trevor Siemian at his weekly press conference Monday.“Unlike Ohio State, their offense may change slightly when one young man is in there or the other one is in there playing. I think the challenge this week is to sit back and really study the film and say, ‘Hey, does it change? Is it drastic?’” Andersen said. “[To] the normal fan’s eye staring at the offense, it may not seem like a drastic difference, but I believe there’s enough tweaks in there where you can at least be mindful of who’s in the game, and it can matter as far as your defensive calls.”While a two-quarterback setup isn’t all that rare in college football, it is rare for a duo to put up the numbers these two Wildcats have. Colter and Siemian have combined to throw for 1,278 yards and nine touchdowns with a 72.3 percent completion percentage. In addition, Colter is the team’s second-leading rusher, with 253 yards and four scores on 47 carries.Andersen applauded how both players have bought into Northwestern head coach Pat Fitzgerald’s system, comparing it to the dynamic between Wisconsin running backs James White and Melvin Gordon.“The key thing is both kids believe in it, and that’s what matters most in the end. They both respect each other, and they make the offense work,” Andersen said. “I’d say it’s very similar to the relationship that Melvin and James have at the tailback position. They both believe in each other, and they’re unselfish guys.”The bye week came at an opportune time for the Badgers as they were dealing with injuries to many key components including Gordon, redshirt senior tight end Jacob Pedersen, junior wide receiver Kenzel Doe and redshirt junior center Dallas Lewallen.“Injuries should be pretty well up to speed. From that standpoint, the bye came at a good time,” Andersen said.Additionally, he said practices will be cut down from 21 periods per week to 18, a method he firmly believes in.The Badgers didn’t use their bye week to prepare for Northwestern, but rather to improve as a team.“The key for us in the bye week preparation is to evaluate ourselves as coaches, evaluate the team as a whole and try to make sure that we’re using the kids the best we can to help them win football games,” Andersen said. “We look at ourselves and say we have to create more turnovers on defense. We can’t give up big plays on defense. We’re young in the back end, but youth is not an excuse. It does not matter; We’ve got to get better.”Despite being ranked sixth in the country in total defense, allowing just 272.6 yards per-game, Andersen added the defense must improve in big situations.“We cannot let people get behind us. We’ve got to get better on third downs on defense overall,” Andersen said.Andersen acknowledged Wisconsin will be facing a tough, well-coached opponent in the first Homecoming game during his tenure. The Wildcats led Ohio State 30-27 late in the fourth quarter on Oct. 5 but couldn’t hold on to pull off the upset.“No one can watch them and say, ‘That’s just an okay team.’ They’re a very talented team, coached very well,” Andersen said. “It’s a good football team, there’s no questions. Very mature, play mature, they play hard, they play fast. Two good teams are going to face off and look forward to Saturday.”last_img read more

Men’s basketball: Five must-see games at Kohl Center this season

first_imgFor as long as head coach Bo Ryan has been at Wisconsin, the Badgers have boasted one of the best home court advantages in all of college basketball. Under Ryan, the team has a home record of 210-22 (.950) and managed to go 16-1 last season at the Kohl Center.Here are five must-see games taking place in Madison over the course of the 2015-16 season.Men’s basketball: Three takeaways from Wisconsin’s win over UW-River FallsThe Wisconsin men’s basketball team took the floor for the first time of the 2015-16 season and downed UW-River Falls Read…Dec. 12: MarquetteAfter going through a rebuilding period and missing the NCAA tournament the past two seasons, Marquette is back under second-year head coach Steve Wojciechowski with a formidable team led by redshirt sophomore guard Duane Wilson and standout freshman forward Henry Ellenson.And while Marquette is not in the preseason AP Top 25, there is a chance they could prove their worth by mid-December when they visit Madison.Regardless of either team’s ranking, it is always a battle when the two schools go up against each other, as they have split their past two meetings at the Kohl Center.Dec. 29: PurduePurdue was the surprise team in the Big Ten last season, finishing in fourth place after being projected in the preseason to finish towards the bottom of the conference standings.No one is sleeping on the Boilermakers this year, however, as the team opens up the season ranked No. 23 in the AP Top 25 and considered a legitimate contender for the Big Ten championship.This could end up being a nightmare matchup for the Badgers, as Purdue will feature their 7-foot senior forward A.J. Hammons against an undersized Wisconsin frontcourt. The big man gave UW all they could handle on both sides of the ball in last year’s Big Ten tournament, and now, the Frank Kaminsky-less Badgers will have an even tougher time slowing down Hammons.Jan. 9: MarylandBarring any unforeseen circumstances, this will be Wisconsin’s most important game of the season as Maryland is considered one of the best teams in the country this season, boasting a No. 3 preseason ranking. There will be countless storylines as this matchup approaches beyond the fact UW will be upset-minded.First, it will be star freshman Diamond Stone’s return to Wisconsin after the Milwaukee-native surprisingly chose to attend to play for Maryland instead of UW. Expect the Badger students to rain plenty of boos on Stone as soon as he steps on the Kohl Center floor.This will also be a game of revenge for Wisconsin, as Maryland was one of only two Big Ten teams to defeat the Badgers last season when they topped them 59-53 in College Park. The loss ended what was a 10-game winning streak at the time for UW, so Wisconsin will be looking to return the favor this time around when the game is played at home.Jan. 17: Michigan StateThis will be another game of revenge — except this time, it won’t be for the Badgers.The last time Wisconsin and Michigan State met was in last season Big Ten tournament championship game, and UW prevailed after a comeback that was nothing short of a miracle. The Spartans knew they should not have lost that game, and they will more than likely come into the Kohl Center with a vengeance.Undisputed best: Wisconsin captures Big Ten tournament title in thrilling overtime win over Michigan StateCHICAGO – Michigan State was on its way to its second straight and third Big Ten tournament championship in the Read…Michigan State will be lead by senior forward Denzel Valentine, who brings a unique energy and enthusiasm to the court. His ability to spread the floor and bang down low with bigger forwards will prove to be a challenge for both Wisconsin’s wings and its forwards.Jan. 26: IndianaAfter a couple of down years where Indiana head coach had to recover from losing his prized recruits, the Hoosiers are back in the conversation for a Big Ten championship, entering the season at No. 15 in the AP Top 25.In last year’s meeting, the Badgers wiped the floor with the Hoosiers, winning 92-78 behind 23 points from Frank Kaminsky. But this year, Indiana returns nearly all of its key pieces from last year’s team and will be a much more difficult test for Wisconsin this time around.Senior point guard Yogi Ferrell is one of the country’s best point guards and has the makings of an All-American, while his running mate in the backcourt, sophomore James Blackmon Jr., is one of the most explosive athletes in all of college basketball. Both will look to wreak havoc on a largely inexperienced UW backcourt.Men’s basketball: Bo Ryan reloads 2015-16 rosterAfter two consecutive banner-raising seasons, the Wisconsin men’s basketball team will embark on the 2015-16 season Friday night against Western Read…last_img read more